Photo: From the collection of the State Library of New South Wales

Regent Theatre

Designed by the distinguished architect Cedric H. Ballantyne of the firm Ballantyne & Hare, it was built by James Porter & Sons. The 2,297-seat Regent Theatre opened its doors in the heart of George Street on 30th March 1928 with Greta Garbo & John Gilbert in "Flesh and the Devil", with the Regent orchestra containing 40 musicians accompanying the silent film. The Regent Theatre was equipped with a Wurlitzer 3Manual/15Ranks theatre pipe organ.

There had been a theatre planned on this corner site from about 1914 with many architects having an interest in the plans. The site was owned by J.C.Williamson, Australia s leading theatrical producer who already had other Sydney live theatres and weren t particularly interested in building another. This is why the planning went on so long and passed through so many hands, most notably architect Henry White. Williamsons eventually decided to build the theatre and immediately lease it to Hoyts Theatres Limited. The interior decoration was to be completed in a Hoyts house style similar to the other Regents' planned or already completed in other main cities of Australia.

This was one of the most desirable sites in the city, being at the rise of a slight hill running up to the City Square which contains a Cathedral and Town Hall. It had direct access to the major bus routes which stopped outside the theatre and also to the underground railway beneath. It was originally intended to occupy the entire corner site but the building right on the very corner was a small branch of the Commonwealth Bank who had no interest in losing their prime location. It was decided to build around the bank so the theatre had a side extension into Bathurst Street planned for dressing rooms.

The facade in George Street was Italianate in style and decoration. Monumental pillars and pediments soaring above a glittering bronze and glass marquee. Horizontal and vertical neon signage and urns. There were a selection of small shops along the massive George Street frontage with the main entrance to the lobby beneath the arch in the marquee. You stepped into a triple height lobby with a marble staircase and walls faced in marble. Above you hung a spectacular Art Deco crystal chandelier made of thousands of glass balls cascading down like a waterfall. This was the only evidence of deco in what was otherwise Italian Renaissance furnishing throughout.

The Regent Theatre for all of its life as a movie palace was the premier showcase movie palace for Hoyts Theatres who were later directly owned by 20th Century-Fox. All of Fox s biggest hits opened here and many Australian premieres were held at this theatre. This was reflected in the lavish appointments internally. The seats were comfortable, there were acres of subterranean powder rooms and plenty of refreshment areas and the foyer space was plentiful with many real antique pieces to delight. CinemaScope was introduced for Christmas 1953 with The Robe , and thereafter the most popular films played this theatre.

During the 1970's J.C.Williamson decided they would sell the property to offset the cost of rebuilding their major Sydney live theatre that had been destroyed by fire. Hoyts had embarked on buiding one of the first multiplexes right next door to the Regent Theatre, so they had no interest in buying the Regent. It was put on the market and did not sell, being passed in with a top bid of AU$4.5 million. The building was then privately sold to a Sydney entreprenuer who continued leasing the theatre to Hoyts until their lease expired.

The Regent Theatre lent itself well to this task with an orchestra pit and a wide proscenium. There were stage facilities that were adequate but some poor sight lines and few dressing rooms. After the loss of Her Majestys Theatre to fire around that time there were regular live shows interspersed with film presentations. The new owners spent millions upgrading the theatre, creating new bar areas, fully carpeting and reseating the stalls and creating a high class restaurant at street level. At this point the new owners started being offered enormous incentives to develop the site. In spite of the live theatres' success the owners decided to sell. When the public got news of this the government became involved and placed a heritage order on the building. The construction unions blacklisted the site in an attempt to preserve the building. There was a very active group inaugurated to fight to save this grand theatre for the city. The owners resented being told they could not develop their site so they shuttered the building, stripped it and left it to decay.

A change of government opened the way for the approved for redevelopment of the site which was subsequently sold. The demolition was to take place as quickly as possible so as to enable a high rise to be built before the coming Olympics of 2000. In spite of much public anger and hysteria surrounding the theate's demise, the site was levelled in about three months during 1990, but then sat vacant and neglected for years while the new owners waited for the market to improve. The site was still a hole in the ground for the 2000 Olympics; an eyesore and embarrasment to the city council and state governement who had approved the demolition. Afer 16 years as an empty plot, construction work finally began on redevelopment of the site in 2006.
Location: 487-503 George Street, Sydney, NSW

Text: Cinema Treasures

The large 3 metre tall Art Deco chandelier in the foyer of the Regent Theatre was designed by Georges Chevalier and was originally the centrepiece of the Baccarat/Christofle pavilion at the 1925 "Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes" in Paris. The chandelier was sold after the exhibition and sent to Australia where it was installed in the foyer of the Regent Theatre. The chandelier was salvaged and stored by the Regents owner in a city basement for 20 years. Learning of its world significance he had it restored and reassembled ready for sale. In December 2010, it was purchased by an undisclosed buyer in Paris.

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